Biological Sciences (BIOL)


1000

BIOL 1001 General Biology (3 credits)
F,S,Su Credit will not be given for this course and BIOL 1201. For nonscience majors. Not for degree credit for a student majoring in a biological science. General concepts in cell biology, genetics, ecology, and evolution.
BIOL 1002 General Biology (3 credits)
F,S,Su Prereq.: BIOL 1001 or 1201. Credit will not be given for this course and BIOL 1202. For nonscience majors. Not for degree credit for a student majoring in a biological science . Diversity, interactions, and life histories of microorganisms, fungi, plants, and animals.
BIOL 1005 Introductory Biology Laboratory (2 credits)
F,S,Su Prereq.: credit in BIOL 1001 and credit or registration in BIOL 1002; 1 hr. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Credit not allowed for students who have had BIOL 1208 or 1209. Basic principles of biology including cell biology, genetics, ecology, evolution, diversity, and systems physiology.
BIOL 1011 Microorganisms and Man (3 credits)
Credit will not be given for both this course and BIOL 2051. Not open to biological science majors. Microorganisms and their relationship to people; microbial form and function; role of bacteria in health and disease, ecology, and industry from food production to genetic engineering.
BIOL 1012 Microorganisms and Man Laboratory (1 credits)
Prereq.: credit or registration in BIOL 1011. 3 hrs. lab. Credit will not be given for both this course and BIOL 2051. Not open to biological science majors. Basic laboratory skills for handling and observing microorganisms; demonstration of features of microorganisms discussed in BIOL 1011.
BIOL 1201 Biology for Science Majors I (3 credits)
Prereq: minimum ACT composite of 23 or �C� or better in CHEM 1201. Primarily for students in science, agriculture, or education. Credit will not be given for both this course and BIOL 1001. General concepts in cellular structure, cellular metabolism, cellular communication, and genetics.
BIOL 1202 Biology for Science Majors II (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1201. Primarily for students in science, agriculture, or education. Credit will not be give for this course and BIOL 1002. General concepts in evolution, ecology, and the function of organisms.
BIOL 1207 HONORS: Biology Laboratory for Science Majors (1 credits)
F Prereq: credit or registration in BIOL 1201 and admission to the Honors College. Credit will not be given for this course and BIOL 1005 or 1208. 3 hrs. lab. Topics include biochemistry, enzymes, cell structures, osmosis, cellular respiration, photosynthesis, cell division, genetics, and ecology.
BIOL 1208 Biology Laboratory for Science Majors I (1 credits)
Prereq.: credit or registration in BIOL 1201. Credit will not be given for this course and BIOL 1005 or 1207. 3 hrs. lab. Primarily for students majoring in science, agriculture, or education.
BIOL 1209 Biology Laboratory for Science Majors II (1 credits)
Prereq: credit in BIOL 1208, credit or registration in BIOL 1202. Credit will not be given for this course and BIOL 1005. Primarily for students majoring in science, agriculture, or education.
BIOL 1503 [Not Offered] HONORS: Biology for Science Majors II (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1201 and 1207 or 1208 and consent of instructor. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Credit will not be given for this course and BIOL 1002 and 1005 or 1202 and 1209. Similar content as BIOL 1202 and 1209 with special emphasis on selected topics for qualified students.

2000

BIOL 2010 [Not Offered] Inquiry Approaches to Math and Science Teaching (1 credits)
Also offered as CHEM 2010, MATH 2010 and PHYS 2010. Introduction to the theory and practice of inquiry-based math and science instruction; design and execution of lesson plans in elementary school under guidance of course instructor and mentoring elementary school teacher.
BIOL 2011 [Not Offered] Inquiry-Based Math and Science Lesson Design (1 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2010 or CHEM 2010 or MATH 2010 or PHYS 2010. Also offered as CHEM 2011, MATH 2011 and PHYS 2011. Design and teach lesson plans in middle school under guidance of course instructor and mentoring middle school teacher.
BIOL 2051 General Microbiology (4 credits)
F,S,Su Prereq.: BIOL 1202, 1209 and CHEM 1202. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Credit will not be given for both this course and BIOL 1011 or 1012. Structure and function of microbial cells and their relationship to people and the environment.
BIOL 2083 The Elements of Biochemistry (3 credits)
F,S Prereq.: CHEM 2060. Not for degree credit for students in the College of Basic Sciences. Nature and physiological uses of natural substances of interest to education, agriculture, and home economics majors.
BIOL 2153 Principles of Genetics (4 credits)
F,S Prereq.: BIOL 1202, 1209, and enrollment or credit in CHEM 1202. Fundamental laws of heredity.
BIOL 2160 Human Physiology (3 credits)
F,S,Su BIOL 1001 or 1201 recommended. May not be taken for credit by a student majoring in a biological science or premedical students. Elements of human physiology; controls and functions of the various organ systems.
BIOL 2280 [Not Offered] Introduction to Research in Biological Sciences (1 credits)
Prereq.: 6 sem. hrs. of biological sciences and consent of the instructor. Pass-fail grading. Introduction to research with faculty in the Department of Biological Sciences.
BIOL 2390 [Not Offered] Information Retrieval in the Sciences (1 credits)
F,S Prereq.: CHEM 2261 or equivalent. Modern methods of information retrieval from abstracts, scientific research literature, computerized index programs, and key-word citation systems; proper techniques in data presentation.
BIOL 2500 [Not Offered] Natural History of the Vertebrates (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1201, 1208, and 4 hrs. of additional biological sciences with laboratory. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab/field work. Diversity, ecology, and evolution of the fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals; emphasis on Louisiana species.
BIOL 2510 [Not Offered] Introduction to Marine Zoology (4 credits)
Su Prereq.: BIOL 1202 and 1209; permission of department. 12 hrs. lab. Five weeks at Louisiana Universities' Marine Consortium (LUMCON). For degrees in biological science this counts only as an approved elective. Field and laboratory survey of marine animals, particularly those of the Louisiana Gulf Coast; classification, morphology, physiology, and ecology.
BIOL 2900 [Not Offered] Careers in Life Sciences (1 credits)
Prereq.: credit or registration in BIOL 1202, open to Biological Sciences, Biochemistry and Microbiology majors only. A one hour writing workshop outside class is required. Career opportunities in all fields of the biological sciences.

3000

BIOL 3001 [Not Offered] Science Teaching in Secondary School I: The Learner (1 credits)
Prereq.: registration in EDCI 3001 or equivalent and credit in either BIOL 2051 or 2153, or CHEM 2001 or 2261, or PHYS 2203 or 2221. Also offered as CHEM 3001 and PHYS 3001. Monitored and evaluated science tutoring experiences in a local middle school or high school under the guidance of the course instructor and a mentoring teacher.
BIOL 3002 [Not Offered] Science Teaching in Secondary School II: Technology in Science Education (1 credits)
Prereq.: registration in EDCI 3002 or equivalent and credit in EDCI 3001 and BIOL 3001, or CHEM 3001, or PHYS 3001. Also offered as CHEM 3002 and PHYS 3002. Introduction to the integration of technology in demonstrations, and small and large group classroom activities, with a focus on inquiry-based approaches.
BIOL 3040 Evolution (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2153. EXST 2201 recommended. Principles and processes in evolutionary biology.
BIOL 3041 [Not Offered] Evolution Laboratory (1 credits)
Prereq.: credit or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 3040. Lab to accompany lecture BIOL 3040.
BIOL 3060 [Not Offered] Introductory Plant Physiology (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1202 and 1209; CHEM 2060, 2261, or 2461. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Also offered as PLHL 3060. Life processes of plants emphasizing growth and development, metabolism, transport, and water relations.
BIOL 3090 Cell Biology (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2153 and CHEM 2262. Molecular description of cell structure and function.
BIOL 3116 Microbiology Laboratory (3 credits)
F,S Prereq.: BIOL 2051. 6 hrs. lab. Laboratory course illustrating experimental microbiology in ecology, taxonomy, physiology, and genetics.
BIOL 3152 Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates (4 credits)
F,S Prereq.: BIOL 2153. BIOL 3090 recommended. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. Macroevolution, biomechanics and functional anatomy of vertebrates; lab dissection of selected vertebrates.
BIOL 3156 [Not Offered] Developmental Zoology (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 3090. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Combination of classical descriptive embryology and contemporary experimental theories focusing on the mechanisms of development in vertebrates and invertebrates.
BIOL 3900 [Not Offered] Undergraduate Seminar in Biological Sciences (1 credits)
Prereq.: junior standing and consent of the instructor. Oral presentation of independent laboratory or library research on selected topics in biological sciences.
BIOL 3999 Undergraduate Research in Biological Sciences (1-3 credits)
F,S,Su Prereq.: Permission of department. May be taken for a max. of 6 sem. hrs. of credit. Individual research on problems in the biological sciences.

4000

BIOL 4001 Physical Chemistry (3 credits)
S Prereq.: CHEM 2262, PHYS 2002, and MATH 1552. Theoretical chemistry; emphasis on solutions, equilibria, and topics of interest to students in biological sciences.
BIOL 4002 [Not Offered] Insect Biology (3 credits)
See ENTM 4002.
BIOL 4003 Science Teaching in Secondary School III: Instructional Strategies in the Sciences (1 credits)
Prereq.: registration in EDCI 4003 or equivalent and credit in EDCI 3002 and BIOL 3002, or CHEM 3002, or PHYS 3002. Also offered as CHEM 4003 and PHYS 4003. Model whole-classroom instructional strategies that depart from the lecture style (cooperative learning or open-ended problem exploration); design and presentation of a science lesson using such a strategy; laboratory safety program management.
BIOL 4004 [Not Offered] Seminar in Teaching Secondary School Science (3 credits)
Prereq.: credit or registration in EDCI 4004 or equivalent, credit or registration in EDCI 4005 or equivalent, and credit in BIOL 4003, or CHEM 4003, or PHYS 4003. Also offered as CHEM 4004 and PHYS 4004.
BIOL 4005 RESEARCH METHODS (3.0 credits)
BIOL 4015 Conservation Biology (4 credits)
Prereq.: 11 sem. hrs. biological sciences; genetics recommended. See ENTM 4015.
BIOL 4016 [Not Offered] Introduction to Insect Physiology (3 credits)
Prereq.: 12 hrs. of entomology or biological sciences; 1 yr. of organic chemistry or biochemistry. 2 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Also offered as ENTM 4016.
BIOL 4017 [Not Offered] CONSERVATION BIOLOGY (2.0 credits)
BIOL 4020 [Not Offered] Taxonomy and Ecology of Wetland Plants (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1202 and 1209. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab; extended field trips. Also offered as RNR 4020. Field service fee. Taxonomy, ecology, distribution, and economic significance of wetland plants in Louisiana.
BIOL 4024 [Not Offered] Plant Anatomy (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1202 and 1209. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Structure and development of vascular plants; emphasis on seed plants.
BIOL 4034 [Not Offered] Morphology of Vascular Plants (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1202 and 1209. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Phylogenetic survey of plant form and development among vascular plants from ferns and related forms through gymnosperms and angiosperms.
BIOL 4041 [Not Offered] Plant Taxonomy (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1202 and 1209. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Principles of identification, classification, and nomenclature; their application to select groups of vascular plants.
BIOL 4042 [Not Offered] Projects in Plant Taxonomy (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 4041 or equivalent. 1 hr. conference; 4 hrs. lab. Individual instruction; student responsible for selecting a plant taxonomy project related to interests.
BIOL 4052 [Not Offered] Phycology (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1202 and 1209. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Also offered as OCS 4052. Field service fee. Freshwater and marine algae, including morphology, biology, ecological role, and economic significance.
BIOL 4053 [Not Offered] Fungal Biology (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1202. Description of fungal-human interactions, including ecosystem function, research models, medicine, agriculture, forestry, industry, and culture.
BIOL 4054 Introductory Mycology (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1202 and 1209 or equivalent. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Same as PLHL 4054. Developmental morphology, taxonomy, and adaptive strategies of fungi; interactions of fungi with plants and animals.
BIOL 4055 [Not Offered] Flora of Louisiana (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1202 and 1209. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Two Saturday field trips. Major plant groups and communities of Louisiana and the Gulf region; field and laboratory identification, natural history, ecology, environmental issues relating to natural vegetation, and conservation of natural areas.
BIOL 4056 [Not Offered] Lichenology and Bryology (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1202 and 1209. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Lichen and bryophyte morphology, physiology, ecology, and systematics; practice in identification.
BIOL 4084 [Not Offered] Geomicrobiology (3 credits)
Prereq.: GEOL 3032 or BIOL 2051 or consent of instructor. See GEOL 4084.
BIOL 4087 Basic Biochemistry (4 credits)
F,S,Su Prereq.: BIOL 2153 and CHEM 2262 or 2462. Credit will not be given for BIOL 4087 and either BIOL 4093 or 4094. Cellular macromolecules; production and utilization of energy by the cell; major metabolic pathways and their control; molecular biology.
BIOL 4090 [Not Offered] Marine and Environmental Microbiology (3 credits)
See OCS 4090.
BIOL 4093 General Biochemistry I (3 credits)
F Prereq.: BIOL 2153 and CHEM 2262 or 2462. Credit will not be given for BIOL 4087 and either 4093 or 4094. Structure and function of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, and carbohydrates; enzymology; respiration.
BIOL 4094 [Not Offered] General Biochemistry II (3 credits)
S Prereq.: BIOL 4093. Credit will not be given for both BIOL 4087 or either 4093 and 4094. Metabolic pathways; nucleic acid structure; flow of genetic information; regulation of gene expression; recombinant DNA.
BIOL 4097 BIOCHEM OF AGING (3.0 credits)
BIOL 4104 [Not Offered] Histology (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 3090 or 3156, permission of department. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. Morphological basis of function in mammalian tissues and organs.
BIOL 4105 Parasitology (3 credits)
F,S Prereq.: BIOL 2153. Biology of animal parasites; emphasis on important human parasites.
BIOL 4106 Parasitology Laboratory (1 credits)
F,S Prereq.: credit or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 4105. 3 hrs. lab. Field and laboratory investigations in parasitology.
BIOL 4110 Introductory Microbial Physiology (3 credits)
F,S Prereq.: BIOL 2051 and CHEM 2261 or 2461. Concepts of bacterial nutrition, metabolism, adaptation, and genetics, as related to growth and environment.
BIOL 4111 [Not Offered] Microbial Physiology Laboratory (2 credits)
Prereq.: credit or registration in BIOL 4110. 6 hrs. lab. Laboratory techniques used to study growth, metabolism, and cellular control of microorganisms.
BIOL 4115 MICROBIAL ECOLOGY (3.0 credits)
BIOL 4123 Immunology (3 credits)
F Prereq.: BIOL 2051; BIOL 3090 recommended. Molecular and cellular basis of innate and cell-mediated immunity.
BIOL 4124 Microbial Pathogens (3 credits)
F Prereq.: BIOL 4123. Survey of pathogenic organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites; host responses to pathogens.
BIOL 4125 [Not Offered] Prokaryotic Diversity (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2051. Biology of bacteria and archaea; evolution, diversity assessment, systematics, ecology; emphasis on molecular approaches.
BIOL 4126 [Not Offered] Methods in Microbial Diversity (4 credits)
S Prereq.: BIOL 4125 and consent of instructor. 1 hr. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. Classical and molecular methods used to study microbial diversity.
BIOL 4127 [Not Offered] Immunopathogenics Laboratory (3 credits)
S Prereq.: BIOL 4123 and concurrent enrollment or credit in BIOL 4124. Laboratory methods of immunology and microbial pathogenic biology.
BIOL 4132 Eukaryotic Molecular Genetics (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2153, and 4087 or 4093. Molecular genetics, primarily in higher eukaryotes; gene structure and packaging in chromosomes; gene transcription and mRNA processing; translation; gene regulation; genetics in development; genetics of cancer; immunogenetics; genetic engineering in eukaryotes.
BIOL 4141 [Not Offered] Mammalogy (4 credits)
F Prereq.: BIOL 1202 and 1209; 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. Biology of mammals; origins, adaptive radiations, and ecology.
BIOL 4142 [Not Offered] Ornithology (4 credits)
S Prereq.: BIOL 2153 or RNR 4103. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab and field work. Permission of department. Field service fee. Biology of birds; emphasis on ecology, behavior, and evolution.
BIOL 4145 [Not Offered] Ichthyology (4 credits)
F Prereq.: BIOL 1202 and 1209. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab and field work. Field service fee. Also offered as RNR 4145. Biology of fishes; evolution, classification, and ecology.
BIOL 4146 [Not Offered] Herpetology (4 credits)
S Prereq.: BIOL 1202 and 1209; 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab and field work. Field service fee. Taxonomy and natural history of amphibians and reptiles.
BIOL 4147 [Not Offered] Biology of Eukaryotic Microorganisms (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2051. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Molecular biology, physiology, genetics, morphology, development, and taxonomy of the yeasts, molds, slime molds, algae, and protozoa.
BIOL 4149 [Not Offered] Aquatic Invertebrate Ecology (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1202 and 1209. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Lecture emphasizes ecology, systematics, and evolution of fresh water invertebrates; lab emphasizes identification and collection methods.
BIOL 4154 Invertebrate Zoology (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2153. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Biology of the invertebrates; phylogeny, functional morphology.
BIOL 4155 Environmental Physiology (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2153. Physiological adaptations of animals to physical and chemical parameters of the environment.
BIOL 4156 [Not Offered] Environmental Physiology Laboratory (1 credits)
Prereq.: credit or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 4155 or equivalent. 3 hrs. lab. Laboratory exercises in environmental physiology.
BIOL 4157 [Not Offered] Cellular Physiology (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2153 and CHEM 2262. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Physiological systems in cells and tissues.
BIOL 4158 Endocrinology (3 credits)
F Prereq.: BIOL 2153 and CHEM 2262. Physiology of neural and hormonal regulation in vertebrates.
BIOL 4159 [Not Offered] Human Disease (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 3090 or 4087 or 4093. Not for graduate credit. Molecular cell biology of the pathogens, etiology and treatment of various human diseases.
BIOL 4160 Vertebrate Physiology (3 credits)
F,S Prereq.: BIOL 3090 or 4087 or 4093, and CHEM 2262 or 2462. Principles of vertebrate systems physiology; emphasis on mammalian systems.
BIOL 4161 Vertebrate Physiology Laboratory (1 credits)
F,S Prereq.: credit or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 4160 or equivalent and EXST 2201. 3 hrs. lab. Laboratory exercises in systems physiology.
BIOL 4162 [Not Offered] Food Microbiology (4 credits)
See FDSC 4162.
BIOL 4163 [Not Offered] Industrial Microbiology (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 4110; or equivalent. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Also offered as FDSC 4163. Microbes used in industrial processes such as production of chemicals, antibiotics, and vitamins.
BIOL 4165 [Not Offered] Environmental Adaptations (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2153. Biochemical and physiological mechanisms adapting organisms to environmental factors; emphasis on the evolutionary biochemical adaptations permitting organisms to inhabit diverse environments.
BIOL 4170 COMP ANIMAL PHYSIOL (3.0 credits)
BIOL 4172 [Not Offered] Plant Microtechnique (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 4024 or equivalent. 1 hr. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Technique and practice in making permanent slides.
BIOL 4177 Neurobiology (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 3090 or 4160, and CHEM 2262 or 2462. Principles of organization and function in nervous systems; molecular basis of behavior.
BIOL 4190 Introductory Virology (3 credits)
V Prereq.: BIOL 2051. Viruses and their host cells; biochemistry and molecular biology of viral infections.
BIOL 4194 [Not Offered] History of Biology (2 credits)
Prereq.: senior standing or consent of instructor.
BIOL 4200 [Not Offered] Microbial Morphogenesis (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2051 and 2153. Cellular morphogenesis in microorganisms and its control by differential gene expression; physiological changes during microbial differentiation; adaptive roles and practical applications.
BIOL 4210 [Not Offered] Biological Modeling and Data Analysis (3 credits)
Prereq.: MATH 1550, 8 sem. hrs. of introductory biology. 2 hrs. lecture; 2 hrs. lab. Modeling of biological systems; design and analysis of biological experiments; presentation of data.
BIOL 4215 BACTERIAL DISEASE (3.0 credits)
BIOL 4246 Microbial Genetics (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2051 and 2153. BIOL 4087 or 4093 recommended. Microbial genetic principles: mutation, conjugation, transformation, recombination, transduction, gene expression; molecular biology of bacteriophage and plasmids; recombinant DNA technology.
BIOL 4253 Principles of Ecology (3 credits)
F,S Prereq.: BIOL 1202, 1209 and MATH 1552 or EXST 2201. Fundamental ecological principles governing the structure and function of populations, communities, and ecosystems; comparative habitat ecology.
BIOL 4254 Principles of Ecology Laboratory (1 credits)
F,S Prereq.: credit or registration in BIOL 4253. 3 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Laboratory exercises in ecology.
BIOL 4256 [Not Offered] Microbial Ecology and Nutrient Cycling in Soils (4 credits)
See AGRO/EMS 4056.
BIOL 4261 [Not Offered] Microbiology of Water, Sewage, and Industrial Wastes (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 4110. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab.
BIOL 4262 Marine Communities (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2153. Marine biology; ecology of benthic, planktonic, nektonic, estuarine, oceanic, coral, and mangrove communities; emphasis on Louisiana's coastal environments.
BIOL 4263 Marine Communities Laboratory (1 credits)
Prereq.: credit or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 4262 or equivalent. 3 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Laboratory experiences in marine communities.
BIOL 4270 [Not Offered] Animal Behavior (4 credits)
S Prereq.: BIOL 2153. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Students are responsible for personal expenses associated with mandatory field trips. Introduction to the field of animal behavior with emphasis on how research in this area is performed; topics include physical, environmental, and physiological effects on behavior as well as possible evolutionary causes of present-day behaviors.
BIOL 4299 [Not Offered] Genetics of the Evolutionary Process (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2153 or equivalent. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. discussion/lab. Principles of microevolution; emphasis on genetic and ecological mechanisms relevant to process of evolution.
BIOL 4308 Plants in Coastal Environments (3 credits)
See OCS 4308.
BIOL 4385 Biochemistry Laboratory (3 credits)
F,S Prereq.: credit or registration in BIOL 4087 or 4093. 1 hr. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. Techniques including chemistry of amino acids and proteins; purification, immunochemistry, kinetics of enzymes; protein biosynthesis; nucleic acid chemistry; properties and restriction mapping of plasmids and recombinant DNA; spectrophotometry, chromatography, electrophoresis, centrifugation, and radioisotope labeling.
BIOL 4400 [Not Offered] Molecular Genetics Laboratory (3 credits)
S Prereq.: BIOL 2153 and 6 hrs. of biological sciences at the 4000 level or BIOL 4246 and 3 hrs. of biological sciences at the 4000 level. 1 hr. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. Current techniques used to genetically engineer microorganisms, study gene expression and DNA modification, and identify organisms by specific genetic alleles; computer analysis of DNA and protein sequences.
BIOL 4444 [Not Offered] Seed Physiology (3 credits)
S See PLHL 4444.
BIOL 4450 Molecular Regulation of Cell Function (3 credits)
F Prereq.: BIOL 4087 or 4093, CHEM 2262 or 2462. BIOL 3090 recommended. Molecular organization of eukaryotic cells; gene structure and function; molecular regulation of signal transduction and cell cycle.
BIOL 4596 [Not Offered] Biophysics of Macromolecules (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 4087 or 4093, and BIOL 4001 or credit or registration in CHEM 3492. Theory and application of physical techniques to the study of biological macromolecules; spectroscopy (UV-VIS absorption and fluorescence, circular dichroism, IR, NMR, X-ray diffraction); helix-coil theory; theories of ligand binding.
BIOL 4600 [Not Offered] Topics in Marine Zoology (2-6 credits)
Su Prereq.: 16 hrs. of biology or zoology including one laboratory course numbered above 3000. See also RNR 4600. May be taken for a max. of 9 sem. hrs. of credit when topics vary. Courses to be offered vary from year to year; additional information available from department. Intensive field study of a special topic in marine zoology at the Louisiana Universities' Marine Consortium field stations.
BIOL 4653 [Not Offered] Marine Phycology (4 credits)
Su Prereq.: 12 hrs. in biological science, including some plant biology. Four weeks at Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi.
BIOL 4753 [Not Offered] Human Molecular Genetics (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2153 and 4087 or 4093. Principles of human genetics, comparative genomics, forensic and molecular genetics.
BIOL 4800 Selected Topics in Biological Sciences (2-4 credits)
Prereq.: 16 sem. hrs. of biological sciences and permission of department. May be taken for a max. of 6 sem. hrs. of credit when topics vary.
BIOL 4801 SELECTED TOPICS LAB (1-2 credits)

6000

BIOL 6055 [Not Offered] Flora of Louisiana for Teachers (4 credits)
Prereq.: one year of biological sciences. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Student projects are required. Identification and natural history of native vegetation and plant communities of Louisiana.
BIOL 6147 [Not Offered] Selected Topics in Life Science (1-3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 1001, 1002, 1005; or equivalent. May be taken for a max. of 6 sem. hrs. credit when topics vary. Specific areas of biological sciences; topics offered determined by recent advances in the field, needs of students, and availability of appropriate faculty.

7000

BIOL 7001 [Not Offered] Tropical Ecology (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 4253 or equivalent. Ecology, natural history, and biodiversity of tropical organisms, communities, and ecosystems, including plants, fungi, insects, reptiles, amphibians, birds, mammals, and fishes of tropical rain forests and tropical savannas.
BIOL 7010 [Not Offered] Plant Molecular Biology (3 credits)
F Prereq.: BIOL 3060, 4093, and 4094 or equivalent. See PLHL 7010.
BIOL 7022 [Not Offered] Marine Microbial Ecology (3 credits)
See OCS 7020.
BIOL 7025 [Not Offered] Advanced Plant Anatomy (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 4024 or equivalent. Analysis of meristematic activity and growth patterns in vascular plants; basis and mechanisms of differentiation and experimental studies of normal growth processes.
BIOL 7043 [Not Offered] Advanced Plant Taxonomy (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2153 or AGRI 2072, and BIOL 4041; or equivalent. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Fundamentals of natural variation and evolution; taxonomic features of plant variation.
BIOL 7044 [Not Offered] Agrostology (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 4041 or equivalent. 1 hr. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Morphology, classification, identification, and economic importance of grasses and grasslike plants.
BIOL 7061 [Not Offered] Plant Growth and Development (3 credits)
See PLHL 7061.
BIOL 7063 Plant Metabolism (3 credits)
See PLHL 7063.
BIOL 7065 [Not Offered] Transport Processes in Plants (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 3060. Also offered as PLHL 7065. Principles governing the transport of water, mineral nutrients, organic compounds and gases in plants; cellular through whole-plant levels of organization and physiological response.
BIOL 7067 [Not Offered] Selected Topics in Plant Physiology (2 credits)
Prereq.: consent of instructor. May be repeated for credit. Same as PLHL 7067. Mineral nutrition, metabolism, growth and development, and herbicides.
BIOL 7068 [Not Offered] Current Literature in Plant Physiology (1 credits)
See PLHL 7068.
BIOL 7080 Population Ecology (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 4253 or equivalent. Also offered as ENTM 7080. Advanced topics emphasizing animals in population growth and regulation; life histories; foraging behavior; agonism and territoriality; and group behavior.
BIOL 7083 [Not Offered] Community Ecology (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 4253 or equivalent. Ecological processes of communities; predation, competition, mutualism, disturbance, succession, island biogeography, and diversity.
BIOL 7093 [Not Offered] Plant Population Biology (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 4253 or equivalent. Plant population dynamics, reproductive systems, life histories, competition, niche theory, and interactions between plants and predators, pathogens, and symbionts.
BIOL 7110 [Not Offered] Molecular Evolution (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 3040 or equivalent. Evolution of genes and genomes; nucleotide substitution rates; positive selection; gene duplication and conversion; transposable elements; evolution of genome size.
BIOL 7111 [Not Offered] Systematic Biology (4 credits)
Prereq.: 8 sem. hrs. of 4000-level biological science courses or equivalent; introductory statistics recommended. 3 hrs. lecture; 2 hrs. lab. Theoretical and empirical aspects of systematics and evolutionary biology.
BIOL 7120 [Not Offered] Marine Ecology (3 credits)
Prereq.: consent of instructor. 2 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. and field work. Also offered as OCS 7317. Physical, chemical, and biological environmental factors affecting distribution of marine fauna; communities representative of each of the ecological subdivisions of the world's oceans treated with respect to species composition, food webs, and seasonal changes; human impact on the marine environment.
BIOL 7132 [Not Offered] EUKARYOTIC GENE REG (3.0 credits)
BIOL 7152 [Not Offered] Advanced Vertebrate Anatomy (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 3152. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab.
BIOL 7155 [Not Offered] Energy Transducing Membrane Proteins (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 4110 and 4087 or 4093, or equivalent. Structure and function of energy transducing membrane proteins including bacteriorhodopsin, ATP synthase, cytochrome oxidase, cytochrome b/c1 complexes, the bacterial reaction center, photosystem I and II and antennae pigment protein complexes.
BIOL 7156 [Not Offered] Experimental Embryology (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 3156 or equivalent. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Classic and contemporary theory, techniques, experiments, and independent investigations concerning vertebrate and invertebrate development.
BIOL 7161 [Not Offered] Higher Bacteria (3 credits)
V Prereq.: BIOL 4110 or equivalent. Microbial systematics and ecology; emphasis on morphology and physiology of the higher bacteria.
BIOL 7162 [Not Offered] Molecular Biology of Microorganisms (3 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 4246, and either BIOL 4110 or 4094; or equivalent. Synthesis, activity, and interactions of various molecular components of microbial cells; macromolecules and their relationship to cellular function and heredity.
BIOL 7220 [Not Offered] Biochemistry and Toxicology of Metals (3 credits)
S Prereq.: BIOL 4093, 4094; CHEM 2262. See ENVS 7220.
BIOL 7253 [Not Offered] Molecular Population Genetics (4 credits)
Prereq.: BIOL 2153 or equivalent. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. discussion/lab. Molecular genetic variation in natural populations; effects of selection, inbreeding, random drift, migration, and mutation on DNA and protein polymorphisms; emphasis in lab on computer-assisted manipulation and analysis of molecular data.
BIOL 7260 [Not Offered] ADVANCED GENETICS (3.0 credits)
BIOL 7280 Nucleic Acids (3 credits)
V Prereq.: BIOL 4094 or equivalent. Chemistry and biochemistry of nucleic acids; structure, expression, and regulation of genes in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms.
BIOL 7284 Proteins (3 credits)
V Prereq.: CHEM 4491 or BIOL 4001; and BIOL 4093 or equivalent. Conformations of fibrous and globular proteins; their interactions with small and large molecules.
BIOL 7285 [Not Offered] Advanced Enzymology (3 credits)
V Prereq.: one semester of physical chemistry and credit or registration in BIOL 4094. Principles involving action of enzymes on a molecular level; includes kinetics, inhibition, Ph effects, active site, coenzymes, reaction mechanism, and protein structure of enzymes.
BIOL 7286 [Not Offered] Seminar (1 credits)
F,S May be repeated for a max. of 6 sem. hrs. of credit. Reports on topics of current interest in biological sciences.
BIOL 7288 [Not Offered] Lipids and Membranes (3 credits)
V Prereq.: BIOL 4094. Chemistry and biochemistry of lipids and membranes; analytical methods for lipids; biosynthesis of complex lipids; organization and function of biological membranes.
BIOL 7289 [Not Offered] Biochemistry of Viruses (3 credits)
V Prereq.: BIOL 4094 or equivalent. Also offered as PBS 7410. Biochemistry and molecular biology of representative bacterial, animal, and plant viruses; virus attachment to and penetration of host cells; replication, transcription, and translation of viral genes; virion morphogenesis and assembly; virus-induced host cell modifications; emphasis on structure-function relationships.
BIOL 7290 [Not Offered] Complex Carbohydrates (3 credits)
V Prereq.: BIOL 4094. Chemistry of carbohydrates including stereochemistry, reactions, derivatization, and analysis; biosynthesis and functions of complex carbohydrates; structure and function of complex carbohydrates including polysaccharides, glycoproteins, and glycolipids; immunology and receptorology.
BIOL 7622 [Not Offered] Fundamentals of Carcinogenes is (3 credits)
S-E Prereq.: CBS 7603 or consent of instructor. Same as CBS 7622 and ENVS 7622.
BIOL 7626 [Not Offered] Toxicology IV: Genetic Toxicology (3 credits)
S-E See ENVS 7626.
BIOL 7648 [Not Offered] Museum Field Expedition (6 credits)
Prereq.: consent of instructor. One semester in the field under direction of the Museum of Natural Science staff.
BIOL 7699 [Not Offered] Toxicology Seminar (1 credits)
See CBS 7699.
BIOL 7800 Special Topics in Biological Sciences (2-4 credits)
Prereq.: consent of instructor. May be taken for a max. of 12 sem. hrs. when topics vary. Specialized topics of current interest in the biological sciences.
BIOL 7901 Departmental Seminar in Biological Sciences (1 credits)
May be repeated for a max. of 6 sem. hrs. of credit. Reports on specialized subjects of current interest in the biological sciences.
BIOL 7902 Departmental Seminar in Biochemistry (1 credits)
May be repeated for a max. of 6 sem. hrs. of credit. Reports on specialized subjects of current interest in biochemistry.
BIOL 7921 Research Presentations in the Biological Sciences (1 credits)
May be repeated for credit. Pass/fail grading. Presentations of individual research projects in the biological sciences.
BIOL 7946 [Not Offered] Seminar : Current Topics in Molecular Evolution (1 credits)
Prereq.: course in evolution, genetics, BIOL 4087 or equivalent. Also offered as ENTM 7946. May be taken for max. of 6 hrs. credit when topics vary.
BIOL 7978 [Not Offered] Tropical Agricultural Ecology (1-8 credits)
Intensive eight-week field course in Costa Rica conducted by the Organization for Tropical Studies; includes visits to various research sites to study the application of ecological principles to tropical agriculture.
BIOL 7979 [Not Offered] Tropical Biology: An Ecological Approach (1-8 credits)
Eight-week field course at research sites in Costa Rica; conducted by Organization for Tropical Studies; also offered as ENTM 7979. Complexities of tropical plants and animals and their interactions.
BIOL 7990 Independent Research in Biological Sciences (2-8 credits)
Prereq.: consent of instructor. May be repeated for a max. of 9 sem. hrs. credit. Directed research under the guidance of a graduate faculty member.
BIOL 7995 Independent Readings in Biological Sciences (1-3 credits)
Prereq.: consent of instructor. May be taken for a max. of 9 sem. hrs. of credit. Directed individual readings under the guidance of a graduate faculty member.

8000

BIOL 8000 Thesis Research (1-12 per sem. credits)
�S�/�U� grading. 8903 Microbiology for Teachers 4 Su 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Relation of microorganisms to everyday living; how knowledge of these forms is used in effective teaching of high school science and home economics.
BIOL 8904 [Not Offered] Methods of Research in Microbiology (3 credits)
1 hr. conference; 6 hrs. lab. May be taken for a max. of 6 hrs. of credit when topics vary. Pass-fail grading.
BIOL 8910 [Not Offered] Research Participation (3 credits)
Su For high school science teachers.

9000

BIOL 9000 Dissertation Research (1-12 per sem. credits)
�S�/�U� grading.